situation politique argentine 2019

Le contexte politique actuel En octobre 2019, Alberto Fernández a été élu président de l'Argentine (avec 48,24% des voix), tandis que Mauricio Macri - qui a exercé ses fonctions entre 2015 et 2019 et s'est porté candidat à la réélection - est arrivé deuxième avec 40,28% des voix. 31-10-2019 16:47:08 ZULU. Policy Response: While Macri’s administration projected a 1% budget surplus for 2020, Fernandez’s social spending proposals could wipe out that surplus in the blink of an eye. That so-called blue-chip swap rate is currently above 74 pesos per dollar, while the official rate hovers around 60 per dollar. script.setAttribute("src", "//www.npttech.com/advertising.js"); Argentina Central Bank Seen Seeking Weak Peso Under Fernandez. 2019 Argentine general election; Elections in Argentina have been regular since the reinstitution of democracy in 1983. The enormous corruption network revealed pushed the Peronist factions led by Senator Miguel Angel Pichetto and former presidential candidate Sergio Massa further away from Kirchnerism. The corruption case known as “Notebook-gate” had become the front line of the government’s political offensive against ex-president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, who was leading the polls ahead of the 2019 elections. The economic situation remained dire in Q3, after GDP collapsed in Q2. Labor unions and social groups blocked streets in downtown Buenos Aires on 12 September 2018 to protest austerity measures proposed by the government and backed by the International Monetary Fund to reduce Argentina’s debt. Explore what’s moving the global economy in the new season of the Stephanomics podcast. Argentina Moves Toward Legal Abortion Amid Push for Women’s Rights. Sur le plan régional, l’Argentine est confrontée depuis plusieurs années à un panorama instable, marqué par la crise politique au Venezuela (près de 150 000 Vénézuéliens se sont installés en Argentine), ainsi que la crise politique en Bolivie et les crises sociales qui se sont développées en 2019 … L’Argentine n’est pas un pays mais un pendule, estime-t-il. Have a confidential tip for our reporters? document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? In the August primaries, Fernandez snapped up 49.5 percent of the vote, compared to just 33 percent for Macri. Like the social programs of Argentina’s past, Fernandez is expected to fix prices for gas and electric, and may go further by granting salary hikes and social security payment increases, according to a person familiar with the plan. Et Mauricio Macri l'a payé cher. He may even tighten the controls further to mirror those in place from 2011 to 2015, which restricted companies from sending wire transfers abroad, placing impediments on imports, Costa said. Before it's here, it's on the Bloomberg Terminal. As the candidates needed 45 percent of the vote to avoid a second round, the 47 percent obtained by the Fernandez-Fernandez ticket was enough to give them the win. Consultez l’ensemble des articles, reportages, directs, photos et vidéos de la rubrique Argentine publiés le lundi 28 décembre 2020. His biggest rival, centre-left Peronist candidate, Alberto Fernandez, hoping to ride on the green scarf wave, has said he is in favour of legalising abortion in the long term. Policy Response: To keep dollars in the economy, Fernandez is expected to raise taxes on agricultural exports, a policy that was championed by his running mate, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, during her term in the presidency. Policy Response: Fernandez has pointed toward a debt re-profiling plan that mirrors Uruguay’s restructuring in 2003, which pushed out maturities with a minimal loss in value to creditors. “Fernandez and his team believe in government intervention,” said Alejo Costa, chief strategist at BTG Pactual Argentina. Party primaries are closely watched in Argentina because they are held simultaneously and voting is obligatory, so they are seen as referendum on candidates' popularity - effectively an early poll involving the entire electorate , since the country’s main political parties have already chosen their nominees. Le solde des administrations publiques en Argentine représentait -2,3% du PIB en 2019 et devrait atteindre -0,7% en 2020 et -1,2% en 2021. Problem: Argentines have yanked more than $13.6 billion from bank accounts since August, or 42% of the total, according to central bank data. Un pendule dont le mouvement éclaire l’élection de M. Macri, l’échec de sa politique économique et l’enjeu de l’élection présidentielle de 2019. While, the Front of All candidate for governor of Buenos Aires' province, one of the most important of the country and key for general elections, also won with over 10 points over Macri’s candidate Maria Eugenia Vidal. Kirchner’s vice-president, Amado Boudou, was sentenced in August 2018 to six years in prison in a different corruption case, while the “Notebook-gate” scandal that began on 01 August 2018 had already involved 26 arrests, 17 plea bargains, 70 raids and 52 subpoenas. Policy Response: The lack of dollars means Fernandez will probably have to renegotiate a $56 billion loan accord with the IMF, which he partly blames for the economic crisis. Read More: Slow Tease of Argentina’s New Cabinet Sets Investors on Edge. Premier choc en 2018 : un changement de politique monétaire aux États-Unis bouscule les économies émergentes mais l'Argentine, plus vulnérable, plonge plus vite que d'autres. Le président Maurio Macri a fait le pari de l'amélioration de la situation économique en signant un accord avec le FMI. Problem: Argentina faces three big dollar-denominated debt payments in the next few months -- $1 billion in December, $900 million in January, and $450 million to the IMF in February. Il en est aujourd'hui à plus de 95 % de dévaluation vis-à-vis du billet vert. The context of the talks with the IMF was summarized by Bloomberg on 02 September 2018: “Macri is in a pinch to please investors by cutting spending, while ensuring that the belt-tightening austerity doesn’t cause social upheaval ahead of next year’s election.”. Le 9 avril 2019, le FMI a estimé que « les risques à la baisse pour l’économie restent considérables »: elle se contractera de 1,2 % en 2019 et la récession se prolongera jusqu’en 2020. Creditors are forming negotiation committees, but with bonds trading around 40 cents on the dollar, they’re signaling their expectations are low. #ga-ad {display: none;} Cela n'a pas entamé la popularité de l'idéologie d'extrême gauche qui continue de plomber l'avenir du pays. Don’t expect him to ask Argentines to tone down their expectations though. Subscribe via Apple Podcast, Spotify or Pocket Cast. Des élections marquées par une confirmation de la bipolarisation politique et sociale du pays, dans un contexte de crise économique à laquelle les deux principaux candidats voyaient des … Problem: As the recession entered its second year, Argentina’s poverty rate climbed to 35.4% in the first half of 2019 from 27.3% a year earlier. Argentina is a federal constitutional republic. While currency controls imposed at the start of September have slowed the decline in the country’s peso, they have also led to a resurgence in an alternative exchange rate based on the difference between local shares in pesos and the same foreign-traded shares in dollars. The economy had taken center stage with the country in the grip of recession for most of the past year, the outlook for growth darkening, annual inflation over 50 percent, job numbers down and poverty up sharply. Le scrutin se tient en même temps que les élections législatives et sénatoriales. Toute l’actualité sur le sujet Argentine. Kirchner was a senator in 2018 and voted favor of legalising abortion. var d = new Date(); But to do that, he would need to renegotiate contracts with utility providers, removing the automatic link to the exchange rate, Torres said. Consumer prices surged by the most in a year ahead of the elections, rising 5.9% in September from the month before. Argentina's outstanding loans, T-bills and government bonds denominated in foreign currency*. The Fund has said it will withhold its next disbursement until there’s more clarity around the administration’s economic plan. For the moment, investors and Argentines have been left on tenterhooks. Argentina - 2019 Election. The unemployment rate rose to 10.6% in the second quarter. With 87% of polling station results counted, Macri's center-left rival Alberto Fernandez led with 47.5% of the vote, followed by Macri, who garnered a little more than 32%. A relative moderate, Massa took third in Argentina's last presidential contest in 2015. Because it is a “federal” republic Argentina has national, provincial, municipal and Ciudad de Buenos Aires elections. d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); Huitième pays du monde par sa superficie (2,8 M km², soit plus de 5 fois la France), l’Argentine représente la 4 e plus grande population d’Amérique Latine (40 M d’habitants selon le recensement de 2010, après 37 M recensés en 2001), derrière le Brésil, le Mexique et la Colombie. document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); Consultez les derniers articles du Point sur le pays : Argentine et restez informés en suivant l'actualité sur le site Le Point.fr. Fernandez has pledged to revive Argentina’s economy and ditch austerity, while trying to re-negotiate a loan deal with the International Monetary Fund. Voters also chose presidential candidates, along with deputies, senators, governors and local leaders. Argentines sent a resounding message of rejection of Macri's handling of the country's economy. But during her tenure as Argentina’s president, from 2007 to 2015, she refused to open the debate. In May, a survey of more than 1,000 people by Argentine pollsters D'Alessio Irol/Berensztein revealed that 75 percent of respondents felt seeking assistance from the Washington, DC-based IMF was problematic. L'Argentine, ce pays de 44 millions d'habitants, cinq fois la taille de la France, est de nouveau en crise. As Argentina went to the polls, the economy topped the agenda of voter concerns in a country that has slid into a recession. Le contexte politique actuel En octobre 2019, Alberto Fernández a été élu président de l'Argentine (avec 48,24% des voix), tandis que Mauricio Macri - qui a exercé ses fonctions entre 2015 et 2019 et s'est porté candidat à la réélection - est arrivé deuxième avec 40,28% des voix. 20:13 30.10.2019 (mis à jour 10:38 18 ... éternelle force politique en Argentine? This case is based on eight diaries written by a chauffeur of a former top official under Kirchner’s Ministry of Federal Planning, including details on numerous pick-ups and deliveries of bags with millions of dollars in alleged kickbacks, even to the residences of the Kirchners. The conservative incumbent won backers with plans to reform Argentina's notoriously closed economy with trade deals and a successful push to lure foreign investment into energy projects and infrastructure. En 2000, le peso était à parité avec le dollar. With almost 90 percent of votes counted, Argentinian opposition progressive ticket Alberto Fernandez and Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner won over right-wing incumbent President Mauricio Macri with 47,75 over 40,76 percent respectively in the general elections. However, Fernández de Kirchner responded by approaching Hugo and Pablo Moyano, who lead the Truckers’ Union, as well as a large faction of the main trade-union central CGT, and the Multisector F21 movement (MF21). The cuts incited thousands to protest. Argentina's next presidential and national elections are in October 2019, making Argentine president Mauricio Macri's commitment to austerity potentially very costly. The country's main political parties had already chosen their nominees, so the primary election, known locally as the PASO, served as the first concrete measure of voter sentiment. Coronavirus : en Argentine, coup de massue pour une économie à l’agonie La quarantaine obligatoire a été décrétée dans le pays, qui traverse une grave crise économique et sociale depuis 2018 L'Argentine, autrefois riche a été détruite par le péronisme. Photographer: Anita Pouchard Serra/Bloomberg. The Moyanos described these talks “as a first step after many years of distance from Cristina to explore the possibility of unifying Peronism to come back to power.”. var script = document.createElement("script"); Elle oppose Nicolás Maduro, président élu en 2013 et réélu en 2018 lors d'élections contestées et auxquelles l'opposition traditionnelle n'a pas participé, et Juan Guaidó président de l'Assemblée nationale [3] depuis le 5 janvier 2019. Voici un vaste tableau de la situation en Argentine à l’issue des élections du 27 octobre 2019. For legislative positions elections are every two years, and for the executive power and governors every 4. Former Cabinet Chief Alberto Fernández of Frente de Todos defeated incumbent president Mauricio Macri of Juntos por el Cambio, exceeding the threshold to win the presidency in a single round. Macri saw his approval rating fall below 40% in mid-2018 as his government embraced IMF austerity. Site officiel de la direction générale du Trésor. var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; “Fernandez has hinted in the past that his plans for boosting consumption could involve raising public salaries and benefits, which is something that could have a significant fiscal impact,” said Adriana Dupita, Latin America economist with Bloomberg Economics.

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